The issues surrounding the regimes of ice-covered areas, international straits, and passage rights of State vessels are analysed for the purpose of assessing the status of law and State practice in Russian Arctic waters. Passage through the Northern Sea Route has for decades been one of the most contentious legal issues in Soviet/Russian - U.S. relations. The jurisdictional claims of the large Arctic coastal States indicate substantial deviation from application of established law of the sea. The regimes of straits used for international navigation and passage rights of State vessels seem subordinate to the regime of ice-covered areas. The main finding is that there are certain elements of consistency in the common interpretation of existing law and the behaviour of these States. These elements seem to have put into action the process of formation of a specific customary international law, as well as implementation and interpretation of the law under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
The Russian Arctic Straits
Considering the Panama Canal as an artificial strait, this book will let legal logic yield to historical and geographic experience by recasting the Panama Canal’s environment as the product of three elements, suggesting new perspectives about its past and future.
In the thirteenth book of the series International Straits of the World, Dr. Nihan Ünlü addresses a key international policy question, namely, in the light of the evolving law of the sea and the special role of the International Maritime Organization, should the 1936 Montreux Convention be ...
Stuart B. Kaye
This, the twelfth book in the series International Straits of the World, addresses the legal status of the Strait in the light of the 1982 U.N. Law of the Sea Convention. The Convention not only prescribes limits to the territorial sea, an exclusive economic zone and a continental shelf for ...
Chi Young Pak
C.L. Rozakis and Petros N. Stagos
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