Gender Equality on a Grand Tour
Prof. Eva Blomberg, Södertörn University
Dr. Yulia Gradskova, Södertörn University
Prof. Ylva Waldemarson, Södertörn University
Alina Žvinklienė, Lithuanian Social Research Centre
Gender Equality on a Grand Tour. Politics and Institutions – the Nordic Council, Sweden, Lithuania and Russia explores the politics around the establishment, development and transformation of gender equality institutions in the Nordic countries (on the example of Sweden), in the former communist countries east of the Baltic Sea region (the example of Lithuania) and in the northwestern part of Russia. The authors analyze the interplay between the internationalization and Europeanization of gender equality on the one hand and national and local contexts on the other. Gender Equality on a Grand Tour. also is the first study to explore the role of one of the leading transnational actors in the region - the Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers - in gender equality institutionalization in the Baltic Sea region.
How was gender equality institutionalized in different countries? What problems were encountered on the way to institutionalization?
The “Feminist Initiative” was the first political party of the European Union to use the word “feminist” in its title. The Party program declared a need to improve gender equality in the EU, as well as in Sweden. At the same time, the Swedish Social Democratic Party, which won parliamentary elections in a coalition with the Green Party 2014, proclaimed the new Swedish government to be a “feminist government.” In the same year in St. Petersburg, the document Strategy for gender equality up to 2015, which had been adopted by the city administration in 2004, was removed from the city administration’s website. This was indicative of institutional changes that followed strong state criticism of civic organizations for following “foreign” ideas of feminism and gender equality. These examples from two northern European countries on the Baltic Sea not only illustrate opposite trends in the development of gender equality, but also show that throughout the region, gender equality has become an important part of the contemporary political debate, struggles and policies.
This book addresses the making of gender equality from 1980 until today in Sweden, Lithuania, and Russia as well as the role of one of the leading transnational actors in the region—the Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers—in gender equality institutionalization in the Baltic Sea region.