John Hudson, DPhil (Oxford, 1988), is Professor of Legal History at the University of St Andrews and William W. Cook Global Law Professor at University of Michigan Law. His books include The Formation of the English Common Law (1996), an edition of The History of the Church of Abingdon (2002, 2007), and volume II of The Oxford History of the Laws of England.
Ana Rodríguez, Ph.D. (Madrid, 1992), is Scientific Researcher in the CCHS-CSIC. Her books include La consolidación territorial de la monarquía feudal castellana (1994); Beyond the Market. Transactions, property and social networks in monastic Galicia (co-author, 2002) and Objets sous contrainte. Circulation des richesses et valeur des choses au Moyen Âge (co-editor, 2013).
The main readership will be postgraduates and academics in medieval history. There should also be interest from other historians and from social scientists interested in processes of institutionalisation.
“This attention to one common question, along with a spirit of comparative analysis, gives the diverse chapters in this book an overarching unity, despite the diversity of approaches and subjects. …The whole is greater than the sum of its (for the most part excellent) parts. This volume is a model for collaborative comparative scholarship that deftly combines a diversity of approaches and subjects with unity of purpose.”
John Tolan, Université de Nantes, in Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. LXVIII, no. 4, Winter 2015
"This sophisticated volume illustrates the impressive, thought-provoking results an accomplished, diverse group of scholars can produce in pursuit of a simple and open-ended yet ultimately difficult and complicated question... The project took the same name now borne by this handsome volume and pursued a fascinating and timely inquiry into the comparative institutional development of societies of the premodern Mediterranean, a topic that has of course interested historians for generations. Yet with a plethora of highly trained and interested experts and arguably more collaboration between scholars working on the formerly much too isolated Islamic and Christian sides of the Mediterranean world (encouraged by numerous and proliferating networking associations), academia has never been better prepared to tackle such a project... It is uncommon to find an edited volume for which the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Nevertheless, such is the case with Diverging Paths?, which manifests an impressive degree of synergy among its widely varied contributions... This well-presented volume offers its readers an array of perspectives on a subset of the comparative historical issues that are intriguing premodern scholars in a mode that will be challenging yet still accessible to non-specialists, while both highly engaging and valuable for experts."
Thomas W. Barton, University of San Diego, in The Medieval Review, 15.10.01
"On l’aura compris, Diverging Paths pose un jalon salutaire et extrêmement fertile pour les approches comparatistes méditerranéennes prémodernes. Notre recension ne rend qu’imparfaitement compte des résultats obtenus et des riches perspectives tracées par ce très dense ouvrage. Le prisme de l’institution et de ses formes tient ses promesses."
Sébastien Garnier, in Studia Islamica 111, 2016.
"...The general theme explored in the essays is how power is reflected in the institutions that developed around two of the three religions that claim belief in a single God, namely Christianity and Islam. The articles accurately reflect the title of this complex book, but explore ideas well beyond simple comparison and contrast. ...Most readers will not be across all fields. However, that is the point and the strength of such a book: to bring together scholars of varied backgrounds and to query the reader’s approaches and viewpoints. ...Diverging Paths? is a tightly integrated, complex text that explores the relationships between institutions via three key paths: law, resources and elite physical structures, but expands our ideas of all of these. It would be valuable for scholars who already have a reasonable knowledge of the Christian and Islamic histories of the early Middle Ages and would like to understand those world views using the tools of anthropology, law, history and sociology."
Penelope Nash, University of Sydney, in Royal Studies Journal, 2015, II
Table of contents
John Hudson and Ana Rodríguez
List of Contributors ...xiv
Part 1: Approaches and Explorations
1 Comparing Medieval Institutions: A Few Introductory Remarks...3
2 Institutionalisation between Theory and Practice: Comparative Approaches to Medieval Islamic and Late Roman Law...16
3 The Ḥisba, the Muḥtasib and the Struggle over Political Power and a Moral Economy: An Enquiry into Institutions...30
Susana Narotzky and Eduardo Manzano
Part 2: Themes and Investigations
Law and Codification...57
4 Codification in Byzantium: From Justinian to Leo VI ...59
Bernard H. Stolte
5 Codification in the Western Middle Ages... 75
Emanuele Conte and Magnus Ryan
6 Codifying the Law: The Case of the Medieval Islamic West ...98
7 Law and Codification: Conclusion...1...19
Resources and Power...123
8 The Cost of States: Politics and Exactions in the Christian West (Sixth to Fifteenth Centuries)...125
Sandro Carocci and Simone M. Collavini
9 Landholding and Law in the Early Islamic State...159
10 The Mobilisation of Fiscal Resources in the Byzantine Empire (Eighth to Eleventh Centuries)...182
11 State, Aggregation of the Elites and Redistribution of Resources in Sicily in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries: Proposals for a New Interpretation...230
12 Resources and Power: Conclusion...248
Palaces and Places...253
13 The Palace Complex...255
14 Palaces, Itineraries and Political Order in the Post-Carolingian Kingdoms...291
15 Monasteries: Institutionalisation and Organisation of Space in the Byzantine World until the End of the Twelfth Century...321
16 The Institutionalisation of ʿAbbāsid Ceremonial...351
Nadia Maria El Cheikh
17 Palaces and Places: Conclusion...371
Index of Names and Places...426