Petri Luomanen, ThD (1996), University of Helsinki, is Professor of New Testament and Early Christian Culture and Literature at that university. He has published monographs and many articles on early Christianity, including Explaining Christian Origins and Early Judaism (Brill 2007; co-edited with Ilkka Pyysiäinen and Risto Uro) and Recovering Jewish-Christian Sects and Gospels (Brill, 2012).
Anne Birgitta Pessi, ThD (2004), University of Helsinki, is Professor of Church and Social Studies at that university. She has published, in over 50 referee journal articles and is currently directing two large interdisciplinary research projects on compassion and care.
Ilkka Pyysiäinen, PhD (1993) University of Helsinki is Docent in Comparative Religion at that university and the University of Turku. He has published widely in the cognitive science of religion, including How Religion Works (Brill, 2001, 2003) and Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas (Oxford University Press, 2009).
All interested in the relationship between religion and morality, philosophy of religion, altruism, pro-social behaviour, cultural evolution, church and social studies, and early Christianity.
Table of contents
List of Contributors
Petri Luomanen, Anne Birgitta Pessi and Ilkka Pyysiäinen
Part 1 - Morality and Religion: Setting the Evolutionary and Philosophical Scene
Moral Gods and the Origins of Human Cooperation
The Evolution of Morality and Religion
Religious Morality or Moral Religion? Kantian and Pragmatist Reflections
Divine Evil, Godless Responsibility, Religious Happiness
Comment 1: Comments on Ilkka Pyysiäinen’s “The Evolution of Morality and Religion”
Comment 2: Religion Irrespective of Morality
Part 2 - Morality and Early Christianity
Morality and the Evolution of Christianity
The Sermon on the Mount: Christian or Universal Ethics?
Foundations of Early Christian Morality in the Light of Modern Argumentation Analysis
Are Christians Better People? On the Contrast between “Us” and “Them” in Early Christian Rhetoric
Comment 1: Morality, Networks, and Cultural Evolution: A Short Commentary on Petri Luomanen’s “Morality and the
Evolution of Christianity”
Comment 2: Content and Motivation in Christian Ethics: Comments on Syreeni’s, Thurén’s, and Räisänen’s Papers
Part 3 - Morality and Christianity in Everyday Life
Learning and Living the Golden Rule: Religious Communities and Morality
Nancy T. Ammerman
Religion and Moral Choice: Does an Innate Moral Sense Account for Religion’s Influence on Moral Choice?
Religion and Morality: Empirical Illustrations
Anne Birgitta Pessi
Comment 1: A Theologian’s Response to Ammerman, Monroe, and Pessi
Comment 2: Religion, Altruism, and Everyday Life: Some Reflections
Synthesis for Further Discussion
Index of Modern Authors