A revolution shook the Christian world in the second half of the eleventh century. Many eminent historians point to Hildebrand, later Gregory VII (1073-1085), as the prime mover of this movement that aspired to free the Church from secular entanglements, and to return it to its state of paleochristian purity. I see the reform from the perspective of much wider developments such as the split between the Greek and the Latin Churches and the Norman infiltration of Southern Italy. Contentrating on the popes and the antipopes I delve into the character and motivations of the important personae, and do not see the movement as a smooth line of progress. I see the outcome as reversal of power of what had been a strong empire and a weak papacy.
Popes and Antipopes
Samuel S. Thomas
Through the extensive diaries of Presbyterian minister Oliver Heywood, this book explores the role that individuals played in fashioning their religious communities during the Restoration, as England stumbled from persecution towards a limited toleration of Protestant dissenters.
The sources and applied work processes in Heinrich Bullinger’s Reformation History are analyzed in the context of the theological assumptions and methodological claims of Bullinger’s historiography, which are classified against the background of early modern humanist and confessional ...
This study positions itself in the transatlantic, early modern period between American Congregationalist Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) and English Baptist Andrew Fuller (1754-1815), and their attempts to express au fait understanding of reformed soteriologcial ideas in the age of reason.
Krijn Pansters, Tilburg University
Providing an in-depth analysis of the virtues of evangelical life according to three major Franciscan authors, this book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of how the virtues functioned as central, organizing elements in early Franciscan literature and instruction.
kritisch ediert von Dagmar Gottschall
The edition of the "Geistbuch", a Middle High German treatise on the Christian path to perfection from the first half of the 14th century, which also circulated in the Netherlands, gives insights into vernacular theological discussions from the time of the trial against Meister Eckhart. Die ...
Joel Van Amberg
This book explores Eucharistic conflicts in Augsburg, Germany during the first decade of the Protestant Reformation. The symbolic interpretation of the Eucharist formed part of a broader anti-mediational ideology that its supporters applied to the political, economic, and religious realms.
Robert Aleksander Maryks
This book offers a critical edition of the petitions in their original Italian language that (Catholic) Jews residing in Italy submitted to the Fascist General Administration for Demography and Race (Demorazza) in order either to be “discriminated,” i.e., not subjected to various provisions of ...
edited by D.J.B. Trim
This book explores how collective memory of Huguenot history vitally affected political and religious controversies and the formation of identity, both among ethnic Huguenots and in their host communities, in Britain, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and North America.
Stephen A. Chavura
This study examines themes in the political ideas of Episcopalian, Puritan, and Separatist authors from the reign of Edward VI until the death of Elizabeth I. Cosmic harmony, providentialism, natural law, absolutism, and government by consent are examined in the context of the theological, ...
Ernest R. Holloway III
Situating his life and thought within the broader context of the northern European Renaissance and French humanism, this work offers a critical re-evaluation of Andrew Melville in light of current research and the primary historical sources of the period.
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