Pliny wrote of Babylon that "here the creator of the science of astronomy was". Excavations have shown this statement to be true. This book argues that the earliest attempts at the accurate prediction of celestial phenomena are indeed to be found in clay tablets dating to the 8th and 7th centuries BC from both Babylon and from Nineveh. The author carefully situates this astronomy within its cultural context, treating all available material from the relevant period, and also analysing the earlier astrological material and the later well-known ephemerides and related texts. A wholly new approach to cuneiform astral concerns emerges - one in which both celestial divination and the later astronomy are shown to be embedded in a prevailing philosophy dealing with the ideal nature of the early universe, and in which the dynamics of the celestial divination industry that surrounded the last Assyrian monarchs account for no less than the first recorded "scientific revolution". This work closely adheres to the original textual sources, and argues for the evolution on the basis of the needs of the ancient scholars and the internal logic of the divinatory and predictive systems employed. To this end, it offers, for the first time, a Mesopotamian contribution to the philosophy, and not only the history, of science.
Mesopotamian Planetary Astronomy-Astrology
Ulrike Steinert, University College London
Rooted in Assyriology with a strong interdisciplinary outlook, this book offers the first comprehensive study of ancient Mesopotamian notions of the human person, including semantic analyses of Akkadian terms for body parts and multiple aspects of the self.
Erlend Gehlken, University of Frankfurt/Main
This book presents the second half of the weather section of Enūma Anu Enlil, a Mesopotamian omen series dealing with the stars, sun, moon, and weather. It attained particular importance when scholars used it to explain phenomena to Assyrian kings.
This book examines a collection of twenty-two literary letters and related compositions, the Sumerian Epistolary Miscellany, studied as part of the Old Babylonian Sumerian scribal curriculum, in an attempt to better understand the nature of the curriculum as a whole.
Edited by Dahlia Shehata, Frauke Weiershäuser, and Kamran Vincent Zand
This volume in honor of Brigitte Groneberg presents twenty four contributions by leading scholars in the fields of Assyriology and Sumerology dealing with actual topics in Language, Literature and Religions of the Ancient Near East.
The study of these seals complements our meagre textual documentation. The first sangas in particular offer a unique opportunity to assemble a consistent corpus from a single family holding the same title throughout the Old Babylonian period.
Daniel E. Fleming and Sara J. Milstein
Based on contrasting characterization and narrative logic between the central Huwawa episode and the remaining material for the earliest Akkadian Gilgamesh, this book challenges the accepted notion that the famous epic was composed without recourse to a previous Akkadian narrative.
Shalom E. Holtz
This book presents a text-typology of Neo-Babylonian litigation records in order to describe the adjudicatory process.
edited by Annie Attia and Gilles Buisson, with the collaboration of Markham J. Geller
This volume, which originated with a conference at the Collège de France, comprises articles on Babylonian and Assyrian medicine.
Edited by Irving L. Finkel and Markham J. Geller
The present collection of articles on disease in Babylonia is the first such volume to appear providing detailed information derived from published and unpublished medical texts in cuneiform script from the second and first millennia BC.
Edited by Piotr Michalowski and Niek Veldhuis
This volume contains eleven articles, demonstrating the broad variety of scholarly approaches to the study of Sumerian literature. It is dedicated to H.L.J. Vanstiphout at the occasion of his retirement from the University of Groningen, July 14th 2006.
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