Steven A. Walton, Ph.D. (1999), Toronto, teaches Science, Technology, and Society at Penn State University. Working on the intersection of military technology and scientific understanding, he currently is working on renaissance gunnery, nineteenth-century American ordnance manufacture, and post-Civil War torpedo research.
Readers will include military historians, historians of science and technology, and those interested in instrumentation and research. Contributions are accessible to an advanced lay audience.
"This is a major accomplishment. Never before has a scholarly volume presented the interactions of science, technology, and warfare as a continuum from the Renaissance through the cold war era—not, at least, since John U. Nef ’s War and Human Progress (1952). Since then, historians and scientists have studiously ignored (and sometimes passionately denied) that a mutually constructive relationship has flourished between science and warfare ever since the sixteenth century. Steven A. Walton’s volume suggests how much historians of science and technology have now transcended such ideological bias."
Brett D. Steele, Technology and Culture, 2006
Table of contents
List of Illustrations
List of Contributors
Introduction, Steven A. Walton
Chapter One, Mathematical Instruments and the Creation of the Military Gentleman, Steven A. Walton
Chapter Two, Surveying and the Cromwellian Reconquest of Ireland, William A. Lynch
Chapter Three, Like Clockwork? Clausewitzian Friction and the Scientific Siege in the Age of Vauban, Jamel Ostwald
Chapter Four, Calorimeters and Crushers: The Development of Instruments for Measuring the Behavior of Military Powder, Seymour H. Mauskopf
Chapter Five, Telegraphing the Weather: Military Meteorology, Strategy, and ‘Homeland Security’ on the American Frontier in the 1870s, James R. Fleming
Chapter Six, Remnants of Testing at the Sandy Hook Proving Grounds, Sandy Hook, New Jersey, Gerard P. Scharfenberger
Chapter Seven, From Measuring Progress to Technological Innovation: The Prewar Annapolis Engineering Experiment Station, William M. McBride
Chapter Eight, Dr. Veblen at Aberdeen: Mathematics, Military Applications and Mass Production, David Alan Grier
Chapter Nine, National Naval Laboratories and the Development of Fire Control Gyrocompasses in Interwar Britain and France, Sebastien Soubiran
Chapter Ten, Washouts: Electroencephalography, epilepsy & emotions in the selection of American aviators during the Second World War, Kenton Kroker
Chapter Eleven, A Matter of Gravity: Military Support for Gravimetry during the Cold War, Deborah J. Warner
Chapter Twelve, Physics Between War and Peace, Peter Galison