The Muslim jurist Ibn Taymiyya (d. 1328) is famous for polemic against Islamic philosophy, theology and rationalizing mysticism, but his positive theological contribution has not been well understood. This comprehensive study of Ibn Taymiyya’s theodicy helps to rectify this lack. Exposition and analysis of Ibn Taymiyya’s writings on God’s justice and wise purpose, divine determination and human agency, the problem of evil, and juristic method in theological doctrine show that he articulates a theodicy of optimism in which God in His essence perpetually wills the best possible world from eternity. This sets Ibn Taymiyya’s theodicy apart from Ashʿarī divine voluntarism, the free-will theodicy of the Muʿtazilīs, and the essentially timeless God of other optimists like Ibn Sīnā and Ibn ʿArabī.
Ibn Taymiyya's Theodicy of Perpetual Optimism
Tiana Koutzarova, University of Bonn
By examining Ibn Sīnā’s critique of metaphysics, the present book provides the first systematic reconstruction of his new foundation of the First Philosophy and its transcendental reading based on the analysis of all the relevant texts within the Avicennian corpus.
Oliver Kahl, Victoria University of Manchester
This book offers an Arabic edition and English translation of a recension of Sābūr ibn Sahl's (d. 869 CE) famous dispensatory as prepared by the physicians of a Baghdad hospital around the middle of the 11th century CE.
Amir Ljubović, University of Sarajevo
This book provides a historical and comparative study of logic in Arabic in Bosnia and Herzegovina, from the first texts, 16th century, to the end of the 19th century, using authentic, completely unknown and unpublished manuscripts
Analyzing the Arabic translation of Aristotle's Rhetoric and situating it in its historical and intellectual context, this book offers a fresh interpretation of the early Greek-Arabic translation movement and its impact in Islamic culture and beyond.
Edited by Wim Raven and Anna Akasoy
The articles in this volume dedicated to Hans Daiber, one of the pioneering scholars in the history of Islamic thought in the Middle Ages, offer new insights into this field from a variety of perspectives: philological, philosophical, and historical.
edited by Arnoud Vrolijk and Jan Hogendijk
O ye Gentlemen explores two permanent and vital strands in Arabic culture: the Greek tradition in science and philosophy and the literary tradition. More than thirty essays demonstrate that the strands freely interweave within the broader scope of Schrifttum.
Akhbārī Shi'ism was "scripturalist" in that Akhbārīs believed that all questions of theology and law could be found in the texts of revelation. There was no need, they believed, to turn to alternative sources (such as reason or inspiration). This book offers the first detailed study of the ...
This book examines the rediscovery of the Mu'tazila, a key-event in modern Arab-Islamic thought. It offers a critical assessment of the concept of "Neo-Mu'tazilism" by evaluating the various intentions and contexts underlying the use of Mu'tazilite ideas.
This book offers a critical Arabic edition, annotated English translation, introductory study, and two-way glossaries of a pharmacological masterpiece composed around the middle of the 12th century CE in Baghdad by the Nestorian physician Ibn at-Tilmīḏ.
This book addresses the issue of determinism in Avicenna and Averroes through an analysis of their views on chance, matter and divine providence. It sets the debate against the philosophical/historical background of Aristotelianism, Neoplatonism and Islamic theology.
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