The forces of industrialisation, urbanisation, globalisation and technological change have washed away the pre-modern outlook of most Latin American economies. Despite the improved opportunities of social mobility offered by economic modernisation, current income inequality levels (still) appear extraordinary high. Has Latin America always been unequal? Did the region fail to settle a longstanding account with its colonial past? Or should we be reluctant to point our finger so far back in time? In a comparative study of asset and income distribution Frankema shows that both the levels, and nature, of income inequality have changed significantly since 1870. Besides the deep historical roots of land and educational inequality, more recent demographic and political-institutional forces are taken on board to understand Latin America’s distributive dynamics in the long twentieth century.
Has Latin America Always Been Unequal?
Edited by Maarten Prak, Utrecht University, and Jan Luiten van Zanden, Utrecht University
Technology, Skills and the Pre-Modern Economy investigates, through regional studies and paired comparisons, how technological skills and knowledge were reproduced and disseminated in the advanced agrarian societies of China, India, Russia and Europe in the centuries before the Industrial ...
Edited by Christopher Lloyd, Universities of New England and Helsinki University, Jacob Metzer, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Richard Sutch, University of California Riverside, and National Bureau of Economic Research
Settler Economies in World History is a comparative, wide-ranging historical study of the experience of the modern settler societies that have followed a distinctive economic and institutional path to the present from their neo-European origins.
In the late Middle Ages the county of Holland experienced a process of uncommonly rapid commercialisation. Comparing Holland to England and Flanders this book examines how the institutions that shaped commodity markets contributed to this remarkable development.
Edited by Richard W. Unger
Shipping was the most dynamic sector of the economy of Europe from the fourteenth into the nineteenth century. Europeans who moved goods by sea dramatically improved their efficiency, laying the foundations for greater economic growth to come and for domination of the world’s oceans.
Drawing on statistical techniques and samples this book offers an estimate of medieval production rates of manuscripts in the Latin West. Such information is a helpful production indicator for a period of which we have so little other quantitative data.
The book provides an overall reconstruction of the European economy, in the global context, from the High Middle Ages until the beginning of Modern Growth in the 19th century.
Edited by Giorgio Riello, University of Warwick and Tirthankar Roy, London School of Economics
Drawing on new research on textile trade and production in the regions that depended on the Indian Ocean, the book contributes to a new understanding of the role that Indian cloth played in the making of the modern world economy.
This study uncovers the institutional framework of markets for 'renten', which allowed large segments of the public and private sectors in late medieval Holland to accumulate capital, and thus functioned as capital markets that enabled economic development.
Jan Luiten van Zanden
‘The Long Road to the Industrial Revolution’ offers a new explanation of the origins of the industrial revolution in Western Europe by placing development in Europe within a global perspective. It focuses on its specific institutional and demographic development since the late Middle Ages, and ...
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