This volume deals with the "discovery of nature" in the 12th century, focusing on its epistemological consequences for the speculative understanding of nature. A symbolic understanding is gradually replaced by an original interest, guided by reason alone, in the structure, constitution and process of the physical world. The growing knowledge of the "natural world" - which took the form of a systematic knowledge of causes - parallels attempts to establish a coherent "scientia naturalis". The main protagonists of the so-called "School of Chartres" characterize the goal of this "philosophia mundi" by reference to Timaeus 28A, as a search for the "legitimate cause and reason" of natural beings and structures. This incremental discovery of nature is linked to the development of physics as a science of nature; it leads to an "éveil métaphysique" (M.D. Chenu) and must be understood as one of the most important causes for the growing interest in Aristotle's writings (and in particular with the "libri naturales"). The discovery of nature in the 12th century thus provides an important philosophical impetus for the wider assimilitation of the Aristotelian corpus. At the same time, it leads to the development of an original and distinctively medieval model of natural philosophy.
Die entdeckte Natur
Edited by Stefano Caroti, Università degli Studi di Parma, Jean Celeyrette, Université de Lille III, Stefan Kirschner, Universität Hamburg, Edmond Mazet, Université de Lille III
Oresme's commentary is one of the most relevant documents of the discussions at Paris University in the midst of the 14th Century. Original solutions concerning the main philosophical issues are associated with sharp criticism of the realist and nominalist positions.
R. James Long, Fairfield University
R. James Long furnishes a critical edition of Adam of Bockenfield's widely influential commentary on the pseudo-Aristotelian treatise on plants, which constituted the set text in university curricula at Oxford as well as Paris by mid-13th century.
Focusing on the medieval reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Volume One of this work offers an unprecedented and philosophically oriented study of medieval ontology against the background of the current metaphysical debate on the nature of material objects. Volume Two makes ...
Jenny E. Pelletier
In William Ockham on Metaphysics, Jenny E. Pelletier gives an account of Ockham's concept of metaphysics as the science of being and God as it emerges sporadically throughout his philosophical and theological work.
Russell L. Friedman
This book presents an overview of the later medieval trinitarian theology of the rival Franciscan and Dominican intellectual traditions, and includes detailed studies of thinkers such as Thomas Aquinas, Henry of Ghent, John Duns Scotus, William Ockham, and Gregory of Rimini.
Jan A. Aertsen, University of Cologne
The origin of transcendental thought is to be sought in medieval philosophy. This book provides for the first time a complete history of the doctrine of the transcendentals and shows its importance for the understanding of philosophy in the Middle Ages.
Edited by Joseph Canning, Edmund King and Martial Staub
This collection of essays is based on a conference in honour of David Luscombe held at the University of Sheffield in September 2006 under the title "Knowledge, Discipline and Power in the Middle Ages."
Edited by Kent Emery, Jr., Russell L. Friedman and Andreas Speer
The title of this Festschrift to Stephen Brown points to the understanding of medieval philosophy and theology in the longue durée of their traditions and discourses. The 35 contributions are disposed in five parts: Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy, Epistemology and Ethics, Philosophy and ...
This book sheds light on the 13th/14th-century debate about whether beatitude is a reflexive act. It reconstructs this discussion on the basis of the original sources. Furthermore it investigates into hermeneutical matters of medieval text interpretation.
Edited by Henrik Lagerlund
This book aims at beginning the rewriting of the history of skepticism by highlightening the medieval sources of the modern skeptical discussions. It shows through seven newly written essays how epistemological and external-world skepticism was developed and discussed particularly in the ...
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