This book focuses on the Hanafite school of fiqh which originated in the eight century and is, geographically, the most widespread and, numerically, the most important representative of Muslim normativeness. The fiqh consists of liturgical, ethical and legal norms derived from the Islamic revelation. The introduction outlines the main boundaries between fiqh and theology and follows the modern debate on the comparison between the fiqh and the secularized law of the modern Occident. The core of the book is dedicated to the way in which the fiqh, in the period between the 10th and the 12th centuries, adapted to changing circumstances of urban and agricultural life (chapters I and II), to the way in which it marked off legal from ethical norms (chapter III), religious from legal status (chapters IV to VI) and legal propositions from religious judgment (chapter VII). The forms in which change of norms was made acceptable is discussed in chapter VIII. The last chapter deals with an attempt of Shi'i scholars in the Islamic Republic of Iran to answer new problems in old forms.
Contingency in a Sacred Law
Edited by Oussama Arabi, Haigazian University, David S. Powers, Cornell University, and Susan A. Spectorsky, Queens College, City University of New York
In Islamic Legal Thought: A Compendium of Muslim Jurists, twenty-three scholars each contribute a chapter containing the biography of a distinguished Muslim jurist and a translated sample of his work. Jurists of the formative, classical and modern periods are represented.
Drawing on Hanafi legal texts from Ottoman Syria between the 17th and early 19th centuries, this book examines how jurists balanced the rights and obligations of tenants and landlords on state and waqf lands, contributing in the process to the dynamism of the law and the adaptability and ...
This volume compares the courtroom oaths of both Islamic and modern Egyptian legal systems, blending elements of legal history, comparative law, theology, philosophy and culture.
English translations of modern legal documents from the Judean Desert cast light on the Islamization of the tribal customary law in the tribal judge’s precinct. This book is intended for students of Islamic law, of customary law and comparative law, legal, social and economic historians, and ...
Muhammad Al Atawneh
This book examines Dār al-Iftā, the official Saudi religious establishment for issuing fatwas, between 1971 and 1999. Specifically, it explores the challenges that this scholarly body encountered when applying Wahhābī interpretations of the Shari'a to late twentieth-century modernity.
Analyzing pre-modern writings on Islamic legal theory, this book comprehensively presents the transformation of the concept of maṣlaḥa as a vehicle of legal change from a minor legal principle to being understood as the all-encompassing purpose of God’s law.
Joseph E. Lowry
This book offers a comprehensive reinterpretation of Shāfiʿī’s Risāla and shows how Shāfiʿī sought to formulate an all-embracing hermeneutic that portrays the law as a tightly interlocking structure organized around defined interactions of the Qurʾān and the Sunna.
The book examines the drafting of the Egyptian Civil Code of 1949, exposing its unknown sociological strata, under the leadership of Dr. ‘Abd al-Razzāq al-Sanhūrī, one of the most prominent jurist to emerge to date in the Arab world.
Edited by Ron Shaham
This collective volume deals with the main components in the laws of Islamic societies, past and present: sharīʿa, custom, and statute. Some chapters focus on one of these components, other discuss the interplay between two or even all three of them.
Ahmad Atif Ahmad
This volume addresses the structural interrelations of Islamic theoretical and practical legal reasoning, based on an analysis of six works of Islamic jurisprudence by authors who lived in Uzbekistan, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Algeria between 970 and 1600 CE.
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