The present volume is a pioneering study of the development of Islamic traditions of learning in 20th century Zanzibar and the role of Muslim scholars in society and politics, based on extensive fieldwork and archival research in Zanzibar (2001-2007). The volume highlights the dynamics of Muslim traditions of reform in pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial Zanzibar, focussing on the contribution of Sufi scholars (Qādiriyya, ʿAlawiyya) as well as Muslim reformers (modernists, activists, anṣār al-sunna) to Islamic education. It examines several types of Islamic schools (Qurʾānic schools, madāris and “Islamic institutes”) as well as the emergence of the discipline of “Islamic Religious Instruction” in colonial government schools. The volume argues that dynamics of cooperation between religious scholars and the British administration defined both form and content of Islamic education in the colonial period (1890-1963). The revolution of 1964 led to the marginalization of established traditions of Islamic education and encouraged the development of Muslim activist movements which have started to challenge state informed institutions of learning.
Between Social Skills and Marketable Skills
John A. Chesworth, University of Birmingham, and Franz Kogelmann, Bayreuth University
Sharīʿa in Africa Today. Reactions and Responses explores how Islamic law has influenced relations between Muslims and Christians, through a series of case studies by young African scholars working in four African countries: in Sudan where total Sharīʿa was applied until recently; in Nigeria ...
Ousman Murzik Kobo, Ohio State University
In this book Ousman Kobo provides a fresh understanding of the indigenous origins of Islamic reforms sympathetic to "Wahhabi" ideas in two West African countries, Burkina Faso and Ghana, and connects these movements to Muslim's search for religious purity in modern contexts.
This book constitutes a seminal contribution to the fields of Islamic architectural history and gender studies. It is the first major empirical study of the history and current state of mosque building in Senegal and the first study of mosque space from a gender perspective.
With a particular focus on the role of situated actors, this book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale, Ethiopia from the late 1960s, through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion and fragmentation of the movement in the 1990s until 2006.
Kim Searcy, Loyola University, Chicago
This book is the first analysis of the Sudanese Mahdiyya from a socio-political perspective that treats how relationships of authority were enunciated through symbol and ceremony. The book focuses on how the Mahdi and his second-in-command and ultimate successor, the Khalifa Abdallahi, used ...
Drawing on locally compiled Arabic language sources, this book offers a comprehensive examination of the role of Muslim scholars as popular intellectuals and reformers in southern Somalia during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
By Mohammed Maarouf
This book is much more than an analysis of the schema of domination and submission as it is played out in the social drama of jinn eviction. It is also a source of information on the history and mythology of a saintly lineage, on the day to day running of a pilgrimage centre, on popular Islam, ...
Abdullahi Ali Ibrahim
The book uses the concept of the “Manichaean” geography of the colony, popularized by Fanon, to account for the virulent Islamic renewal in Sudan. In focusing on the Sudan judiciary, characterized by an unrelenting rift between its civil and Sharia divisions, the book examines the various forces ...
Edited by Benjamin F. Soares
This engaging collection of essays offers new insights into the multi-faceted and changing encounters of Muslims and Christians in Africa in the past and closer to the present.
Muhammad S. Umar
This study of Muslims’ writings on colonialism in northern Nigeria illuminates the complexities of Muslims’ reactions to British indirect rule, revealing new perspective on the subject. It is based on Arabic texts, poems, Hausa novels, and treatises on Islamic law.
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